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Arch Linux

Sun 13 December 2015

I like arch linux better than raspbian is a lot of ways, except:

Basic Install Process

Don't follow the install instructions, they suck. Instead, look at the Beginner's Guide on the wiki.

Virtualbox Guest

Follow these instructions for the install.

  1. Install this package:

    pacman -S virtualbox-guest-utils

  2. Create the module file /etc/modules-load/virtualbox.conf

    vboxguest vboxsf vboxvideo

Post-Install Packages

pacman -S package

Useful packages:

  • distcc
  • sudo - edit /etc/sudoers, uncomment wheel group
  • avahi and nss-mdns
  • openssh
  • virtualbox-guest-utils

Update System

pacman -Syu

Fonts

Fontconfig configuration is done via /etc/fonts/conf.avail and conf.d. Read /etc/fonts/conf.d/README for more information.

Configuration via /etc/fonts/local.conf is still possible, but is no longer recommended for options available in conf.avail.

Main system wide configuration should be done by symlinks (especially for autohinting, sub-pixel and lcdfilter):

cd /etc/fonts/conf.d
ln -s ../conf.avail/XX-foo.conf

Check also https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Font_Configuration and https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Fonts.

Arch Networking

Avahi - Multicast

You can enable Avahi Daemon at startup with the following command:

systemctl enable avahi-daemon.service

SSH

For the client edit /etc/ssh/ssh_config remove protocol 1 since it is deemed insecure and only use 2:

Protocol 2

For the server edit /etc/ssh/sshd_config enable:

AllowUsers user1 user2 (change to appropriate user names)
PermitRooLogin no
Banner /etc/issue

Then add it to the DAEMONS list in /etc/rc.conf, so it starts on boot:

** Don't use rc.conf anymore!! **

DAEMONS=( .... sshd ....)

You can also start it immediately by:

sudo rc.d start sshd

To see if it worked, type:

ps -e | grep sshd

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